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Artefact: Golf Driver
Year: 1880s
Number:  88.08.01a

May is International Golf Month.  The modern game of golf originated in 15th century Scotland. The oldest surviving set of rules for golf was compiled in 1744. The standard 18 hole golf course was created in 1764 in St. Andrews Scotland. Golf is documented as being played on Musselburgh Links in East Lothian, Scotland as early as 2 March 1672, which is certified as the oldest golf course in the world by Guinness World Records. This particular golf club is from a set that was used in Scotland during the late 1880s and later made its way to Canada.  It is now a part of our 15,000 item Collection.


Artefact: Saddle Guitar
Year: 1930s
Number: 94.48.01

April is international guitar month. This saddle guitar was owned by Perry Rhine Sr from 1932-1955.  A saddle guitar was meant to be small enough for the cowboy to carry around with them on long trips and cattle drives.

This is a classical style guitar.  The difference between an acoustic guitar and a classic guitar is that an acoustic has steel strings while a classical guitar has nylon strings.

International guitar month is an annual celebration of guitars and guitar products that have happened every April beginning in 1987. International guitar month was created to inspire the public to get out there and start learning guitar.



Artefact: Baseball Cleats
Number: 2016.03.01
Year: 1940s - 1950s

Footwear in sports has always been a very important part of the uniform.  This pair of baseball cleats was used during the 1940s and 1950s.  These cleats are made out of heavy leather which makes them heavy and not very flexible. The cleats themselves are made out of steel which provides excellent grip, but in addition, adds weight.

It is easy to see how athletic shoes have changed when you look at cleats like these compared to modern cleats.  Modern baseball cleats are made out of lightweight materials and are designed to provide as much of an advantage as possible to the athlete wearing them including grip, flexibility, and support.



Artefact: Boxing Gloves
Number: 91.18.04 A & B
Colour: Red

These Everlast boxing gloves are from the mid-20th century. February is Black History Month and there have been many amazing black boxers throughout history including our own Allan Ford.

Allan Ford honed his skills as an athlete in the sport of boxing between 1962 and 1982. He rose from the ranks of a promising young amateur to an accomplished international professional boxer.

By age 16, he dominated his weight division and moved on to national dominance.  On September 27, 1968, at the age of 18, he became the youngest Canadian ever to win the Canadian Professional Lightweight Boxing Title. His success in the ring continued as he challenged the world's best. With a record of 31-0, the World Boxing Association ranked Allan Ford #3 in the world in 1971.

Read more about Allan Ford and his amazing accomplishments - Allan Ford ASHFM Hall of Fame Bio



Artefact: Roller Blades
Number: 2015.43.02 a & b

These roller skates are from the early 20th century and are quad style roller skates, meaning they have four wheels. They are designed to fit over any ordinary pair of shoes. They were made out of metal and are quite heavy compared to most modern roller skates.

During the late 1800s and early 1900s, roller skating was very popular and manufacturers were making 1000s of pairs a day.


Artefact: Ice Skates
Accession #: 2016.29.01 A & B
Year: 1900s

Ice skates have been around for thousands of years. Today, when we think of ice skates, we think of hockey skates, figure skates, or speed skates.

These Dutch ice skates are from the early 1900s. The design of these skates is pretty simple. They strap onto the bottom of your shoes with the leather straps.

Originally, ice skates were designed to glide on top of ice rather than cut into it. Sharpening the blade of ice skates and adding edges to the blade made it so that the skate could cut into the ice. These types of ice skates were invented by the Dutch during the 13th and 14th century and have been the dominant design ever since.

Make sure you check out the Artefact of the Month Video Clips: Sports and Stuff with Dan, hosted by Keiran Swayn & Daniel Becker.