Fencing comprises three subdivisions, each named after the specific blade used: the foil, the epee and the sabre. Modern foil blades are up to 110 cm in length with a maximum weight of 500 grams and a blunted point. Foil fencers score points by making touches with the point of their sword only on the torso of their opponent. Since the hand is not an eligible area to score touches, foil swords have a very small hand guard. The hilts of foil swords often have a pistol-like grip such as this one or a small crossguard and wrist strap.
Fencing is one of the oldest Olympic sports and developed from the historical practice of swordsmanship throughout Europe, with its practice as a sport emerging toward the end of the 19th century. Modern-day fencing requires the use of helmets, coats, gloves and other protective equipment. It is one of only five sports having been featured in every modern Olympic Games.
This wooden tennis racquet was used by Honoured Member Marjorie Eustace in the 1930s. She started her career in 1922 when she entered and won the Provincial Tennis Tournament. She went on to win 49 City of Calgary Open Championships, 21 Alberta Championships, and 4 Western Canadian Championships. Marjorie Eustace dominated tennis in Alberta until her retirement in 1958. Marjorie is also a 9 times Alberta Ladies Singles Champion, and a 16 times Calgary Ladies’ champion.
This Lacrosse stick is from 1935, the handle is made from wood and the netting is made from leather. The game of lacrosse is one of the oldest games in Canada. Originally, it was a field game or ritual played by Indigenous groups; lacrosse is similar to the game Algonquian language groups refer to as Baggataway. It became popular among settlers in the 1850s. Lacrosse was confirmed has Canada’s official summer sport in 1994.
Cleats have been worn in a variety of sports since the 1500s. One of the earliest references to spiked shoes being used for golf was in an 1857 copy of The Golfer’s Manual. In 1891, cleats with a separate screw-in spikes were introduced; these provided golfers with better footing but they damaged the greens and clubhouse floors. In the 1980s, show manufactures began to focus on the athletic side of footwear and were making shoes that were more flexible. It was not until the 1990s that shoe manufactures introduced a golf shoe that had nonmetal cleats which were more comfortable and less damaging to the greens.
|Artefact:||Field Hockey Stick|
This field hockey stick was used at the 1988 Seoul Korea Olympics.
Field hockey sticks can be made out of a variety of materials, but are traditionally made out of a hardwood, such as ash. Composite materials like fibreglass, graphite, and Kevlar can be used as well. The toe of the stick has a rounded curve on the right side and the left side is flat. The length varies depending on the player’s height and the weight may vary anywhere from 18 to 25.9 oz. The grip on the handle can be made from different materials such as rubber or suede.
A shuttlecock (also called a birdie) is used to play Badminton. The shuttlecock is in the shape of a cone made from overlapping feathers which are embedded into a rounded cork base that is covered in thin leather. In order for the shuttlecock to rotate consistently, only the feathers from the left wing of a bird are used. The feathers were easy to damage and would need to be replaced throughout a game. Because of this, synthetic shuttlecocks have been developed which replace the feathers with a plastic skirt.