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Bibliography Abstracts


Short, John. "Out of sham amateurs came frank professionalism." Brownlee and the Triumph of Populism, [1920-1930]. (Alberta in the twentieth century, v.5). Ted Byfield. ed, 282. Edmonton: CanMedia, Inc., 2006.

AB: This is a brief summary of the 1920's hockey controversy regarding the commercialization of amateur hockey and the accusations made by Pacific Coast Hockey League president Frank Patrick of alleged bribery to entice professional-grade players to join amateur teams. Patrick accused accomplished hockey players Mickey Mackay, Gordon "Duke" Keats and Clifford "Red" Briden of accepting substantial sums of money to play for the Edmonton Eskimos. The Big Four league that consisted of the Eskimos, the Edmonton Dominions, the Calgary Tigers, and the Calgary Canadians called for a national investigation of illegal payments to athletes. This sparked a debate regarding whether or not it was necessarily unethical to provide remuneration for star athletes and the morality of professionalism in sport. The outcome seemed inevitable and, in 1923, the Pacific Coast League went professional and while some had mourned the loss of "amateurism" most contended that it had died long before and that this new enterprise merely signified a level of honesty in the league.

Alberta Sports History Library