- Alberta Sports - Misc
- Bibliography Abstracts
Alberta Sports Misc Bibliography Abstracts
Mills, David. "100 Years of Sports." Alberta: A State of Mind. Sydney Sharpe, Roger Gibbons, James H. Marsh, and Heather B. Edwards. eds, 197-231. Toronto: Key Porter Books, (2005).
AB: Albertans have enthusiastically embraced and promoted sports since the creation of the province in 1905. While sports provided recreation and physical activity, they also had a social purpose – to reinforce gender and class identities and build new communities. Throughout the twentieth century, the local nature of amateur sport remained although the Edmonton Grads, perhaps the best women's basketball team in history, gained an international reputation. Sports also became a big business with professional hockey and football franchises in both Edmonton and Calgary. Professional sports enjoy a powerful grip on our culture and our imagination but they were also a means to promote economic development. The greatest sports spectacle seen in the province was the Calgary Winter Olympics held in 1988. Sports could thus foster a broader sense of identity in Alberta.
Penley, Ken. "Russ Gideon, Athlete and Business Leader." Alberta History. Vol 54, No.2. (Apr 2006) 18-20. Access CPI.Q. http://twu.ca/library/cpiq.htm.
AB: Presents a biography of Russell Gideon, a black athlete and businessman from Nova Scotia who grew up in Calgary, Alberta, and became one of 'Ebony' magazine's one hundred most influential black Americans in 1977. After his birth in 1904, Gideon's parents moved the family to Calgary in 1912 but died six years later, forcing the young Gideon to work odd jobs in addition to attending school. He distinguished himself in baseball as a member of the 1923 Victoria Athletic Club baseball team, and became captain-manager of the Calgary Dodgers baseball club in 1930. In 1928 he joined the Calgary Tigers becoming known as one of the greatest tackles in western football history. After acquiring pharmacy training in Boston, Gideon joined the US Army and served during World War II. After the war, Gideon moved to Seattle. Based on newspapers and secondary sources;
Queensway, Gary & Poulton, J. Alexander. Canadian Sports Records. Edmonton: Lone Pine Publishing, 2009.
AB: This work contains brief stories, with accompanying statistics, of Canadian athletes' accomplishments and records on various world stages, including the Olympic Games.
Included are Alberta athletes:
Jim Steacy, from Lethbridge, Alberta, is the Canadian record-holder in the hammer throw and is ranked 12th in the world, p. 43-45
ASHFM inductee, the Edmonton Grads (1974), along with their coach J. Percy Page (also an inductee, 1966), was the best women's basketball team in the world during their time in competition, p. 72-73.
Jeremy Wotherspoon, a Red Deer, Alberta native, is one of the top speed skaters in Canada. He wins on the world stage, but struggles with events in the Olympic Games p.88-90.
Kurt Browning was inducted into the ASHFM in 1992. He is one of Canada's most talented figure skaters, and has a list of many firsts, including a quadruple jump at the 1988 Worlds in Hungary and a triple salchow-triple loop combination at the 1990 Nations Cup in Germany, p.105-107.
Mike Pringle was from California, but made a name for himself in the Canadian Football League. During his 15-year career with the CFL, he played for many teams, including the Edmonton Eskimos, where he helped win a Grey Cup, p.178-181.
Damon Allen was an American import who played football for the Edmonton Eskimos from 1985 to 1996, and helped them win the Grey Cup a number of times, p. 181-184.
ASHFM inductee, Wayne Gretzky (2000), is the most famous hockey player ever. He holds or chares 61 records in the National Hockey League of Canada, and led the Edmonton Oilers to four Stanley Cup wins as captain, p216-226.
"Schrodt, Barbara." Sport Canadiana. Gerald Redman and Richard Baka, eds., Edmonton: Executive Sport Publications Ltd., (1980).
AB: An extensive chronology of key moments in the development of sports in Canada up until the year Canada played host to the Commonwealth Games in 1978. The book is organized by alphabetized sport ranging from archery and automobile racing all the way to wrestling and yachting and consists of the date and a very brief description of the event.
Reid, John Edmund. "Sports and games in Alberta before 1900." Thesis (M.A.). University of Alberta, (1969).
AB; This study compiles information on the individual and team sports played throughout the region that is now Alberta primarily between 1880 and 1900. A historical overview of the area is given and the paper ends with a glimpse at early athletic associations and the Y.M.C.A.'s arrival in 1890. Topics examined are: baseball, bicycling, cricket, croquet, golf, horse racing, rodeo events, polo, lacrosse, rifle shooting, trap shooting, soccer, rugby football, swimming, tennis, track and field, sports days, curling, skating, hockey, snowshoeing, boxing, wrestling, fencing, gymnastics, roller skating and bowling.
This paper is a highly recommended source for information on the sports history of the early Albertan region and is complete with a number of images from the Ernest Brown Collection (in the Provincial Archives of Alberta).
Chapter 3, Baseball, p. 14-18, AB: The first recorded baseball tournament was held in1888 in Calgary.
Chapter 3, Bicycling, p. 18-22, AB: Originally used for pleasure, the sport of bike racing was introduced with the formation of the Calgary club in 1887 and Edmonton and Lethbridge by 1893.
Chapter 3, Cricket, p. 23-27, AB: Cricket was brought to Alberta by the primarily British units of the North West Mounted Police and local civilian clubs were founded as early as 1881.
Chapter 3, Golf, p. 28-30, AB: Golf came to Alberta in 1895 and players at Fort Macleod began competing for the Chipman Cup the following year. Chapter 3, Horse Racing, p. 31-35, AB: As early as the 1850s, the meeting between Europeans and aboriginals in Alberta was sure to result in a horse race. By 1880, formal turf associations were developed.
Chapter 3, Rodeo Events, p. 36, AB: Rodeo events were well received in southern Alberta with cowboy Jeff Davis competing and winning at a number of recorded events.
Chapter 3, Polo, p. 36, AB: Polo caught on in southern Alberta in the late 1890s with part of the focus being on new stock, a carload of polo ponies was shipped to England in 1899.
Chapter 3, Lacrosse, p. 38-40, AB: Lacrosse equipment was first available in Edmonton in 1882 and the first games were played that year with a club being established the following March.
Chapter 3, Trap Shooting, p. 43-45, AB: Hunting seasons for wildlife had been established in the1880s with a Calgary hunting and fishing club founded in 1887 to review existing game law.
Chapter 3, Soccer, p. 45-48, AB: Members of the Hudson's Bay Company practiced soccer in Alberta as early as 1862.
Chapter 3, Sports Day, p. 60-63, AB: Holidays were often coupled with organized sporting events, generally the most popular of the day and oftentimes with prizes.
Chapter 4, Curling, p. 65-70, AB: Imported west with the first Scottish immigrants to Alberta, curling enthusiasts found the perfect climate and attempted to organize a Calgary club in 1883.
Chapter 4, Skating, p. 70-72, AB: Starting as a leisure activity, the first commercial skating rink in Alberta was set up on the Elbow river during the 1883-1884 season.
Chapter 4, Hockey, p. 72-79, AB: Ice hockey was not introduced until 1892 when the first recorded game was played in Calgary at the Star Skating rink.
Chapter 5, Boxing, p. 82-84, AB: Boxing in Alberta received mixed reactions, with the "Calgary Herald" reported favorable accounts of matches, while Edmonton papers were critical of the sport.
Chapter 5, Fencing, p. 84, AB: A relatively non-existent sport in Alberta until 1900.
"A Sporting World." Prairie Twins: Alberta and Saskatchewan Photographic Memories, 1905-2005. Faye Reineberg Holt, 124-137. Calgary: Detselig Enterprises, (2004).
AB: In this book on the history of the two prairie provinces is a chapter which closely examines the sporting achievements of both Alberta and Saskatchewan. The chapter provides a broad overview of sport in Alberta including the 1988 Winter Olympics, the Edmonton Grads women's basketball team, the annual Spruce Meadows equestrian competition in Calgary, the 1978 Commonwealth Games held in Edmonton, the Stanley Cup and Grey Cup competitions. Also discussed is Alex Decoteau, a running hero from the First Nations who set many Canada records. Also examined is the Canadian Football League (CFL) and Edmonton's conquest for the Grey Cup. Calgary golfer Paddy Arnold, who won six Alberta Provincial Championships between 1938 and 1949 is featured along with women's hockey and baseball.
Routledge, Penelope Dawn. "The North-West Mounted Police and Their Influence on the Sporting and Social Life of the North West Territories, 1870-1904." Thesis (M.A.). University of Alerta, (1978).
AB; The formation and posting of the North-West Mounted Police Force into Canada's western frontier in 1874 ushered in a new era in the region that would become Alberta. A number of sporting events were organized by the NWMP and oftentimes these policemen helped to establish the first organized sports clubs in their district. Albertan posts best known for their sporting prowess include Lethbridge and Forts Macleod and Saskatchewan [p.50]. The histories of association football, rugby, baseball, cricket, polo, soccer, track and field, ice hockey and others played by officers of the NWMP in Alberta are included.
Sabourin, Paul. "Sports in Alberta." The Alberta Golden Jubilee Anthology. William George Hardy, 261-266. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, (1955).
Sydney, Sharpe. Staying in the Game: the Remarkable Story of Doc Seaman. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 2008.
AB: A detailed biography of the story of Daryl Kenneth "Doc" Seaman and his contributions to Alberta's sports community. This book includes a look at his early years growing up in Rouleau, Saskatchewan and joining the war efforts during the second World War. He turned his meagre savings into a profitable oil and gas company (Bow Valley Industries) and with his newfound financial affluence was a key player in bringing the NHL franchised Flames to Calgary which also encouraged the construction of the Saddledome, an instrumental factor in the successful bid for the 1988 Winter Olympics. He was also influential in renewing popularity in Canadian amateur hockey and formed Project 75 (which is now called the Seaman-Hotchkiss Hockey Foundation) which played a role in Canada's world junior hockey wins. Included in this book are intimate personal photographs as well as a foreword by the Honourable Peter Lougheed.
Sheremata, Davis. "Alberta flexes its new muscle on the field and on the ice." Lougheed & the War with Ottawa, 1971-1984. (Alberta in the twentieth century, v.11). Paul Bunner. ed, 140-148; 150-154; 156-157. Edmonton: CanMedia, Inc., (2006).
AB: This article chronicles the pro hockey and football scene in Alberta during the 1970s and early 1980s which consisted of five consecutive Grey Cup victories for the Edmonton Eskimos as well as the arrival of two World Hockey Association teams, two National Hockey League franchises, two pro baseball teams and five professional soccer franchises for Edmonton and Calgary. Also included was the rising success of the 1970s Edmonton Eskimos following the efforts of Norm Kimball and the shrewd management of two coaches, Ray Jauch and Hugh Campbell as well as information on the Winnipeg Jets and the signing of a then relatively unknown Wayne Gretzky to the Edmonton Oilers franchise.
"Sports and Recreation." Alberta: an Account of its Wealth and Progress. Leo Thwaite, 207-215. New York: Rand McNally & Co., (1912).
AB: A brief chapter provides an account of Alberta's early recreational and sports communities as well as information on the Rocky Mountains, Banff and the Alpine Club in the early 1900s. Among the activities enjoyed in the Rocky Mountains are mountain-climbing as well as canoeing and boating, bathing in the hot springs, fishing in the many rivers and lakes, as well as hunting game. For other sports, lacrosse was not nearly as popular as baseball, a fact attributed to its more complex play as well as its cost. Besides numerous baseball leagues, there are baseball clubs in practically every town and village in Alberta, along with hockey and cricket clubs. Curling was a popular winter sport, particularly in Medicine Hat, where a permanent organization was set up, as well as in Banff, where games could be played on the open rinks. Also briefly mentioned in this chapter is polo, coyote hunting and billiards.
"Bread and Circuses, Culture and Bigotry." Mavericks: An Incorrigible History of Alberta. Aritha Van Herk, 325-349. Toronto: Penguins Canada, (2002).
AB: In this book on Alberta's history is a chapter which dedicated to discovering Alberta's early culture and entertainment. Aspects discussed include the Calgary Stampede, Deerfoot who was the fastest runner on the prairies as well as Canada's first native police officer, Alex Decoteau of Edmonton, who was an outstanding runner and represented the province at the Stockholm Olympics in 1912. Other sports included horse racing and the rodeo and the formation of the Calgary Stampede in 1912. Early sport took the form of Mounties playing a version of golf in 1890, initiating a trend that would develop gradually over time with golf courses being built every year. Other popular sports were lacrosse and baseball (with the Western Canadian Baseball League which was finally suspended in 1914 for the brawling fans.) Though rivalries were widespread in early competitions, hockey, which was begun in 1890, was unmatched for its spectacular rivalries, and as early as 1908 the Edmonton Hockey Club played for the Stanley Cup (but did not win.) In 1948, the Edmonton Flyers won the Allan Cup and in March of 1950, the Edmonton Waterloo Mercurys won the world amateur hockey title, and then in 1952, the same team won hockey's gold medal at the Olympics in Oslo, Norway. Later on, in 1980, Calgary bought the NHL franchise team- the Atlanta Flames, and the competitive tension between Edmonton and Calgary grew. Ski and ski jumping are sports which lend themselves well to Alberta's landscape with the first skis touching Banff in 1894. Alpine skiing became popular during the 1930s when Banff hosted the Dominion Ski Championships. Also mentioned in this chapter is boxing with prizefighter Tommy Burns and the infamous bout on Victoria Day between Arthur Pelkey and Luther McCarty, who died during the fight. Wrestling also became an Alberta preoccupation with the Hart wrestling dynasty being formed in the 1930s which yielded Stampede Wrestling and the Hart Foundation.
"Some Other Sports Notables from Twenties Alberta." Brownlee and the Triumph of Populism, [1920-1930]. (Alberta in the twentieth century, v.5). Ted Byfield. ed, Edmonton: CanMedia, Inc., (2006).
AB: This is very brief article which consists primarily of photographs of notable athletes during the 1920s in Alberta such as Marjorie Eustace, who won the provincial singles tennis title 22 times between 1922 and 1954, as well as another tennis great, Grace Wormald. Also included are photographs of the Lethbridge Red Sox women's softball champions of 1929, Helen Woodside who was a champion Alberta swimmer, as well as the 1926 champion Medicine Hat Amateur Hockey League team.
Jamieson, Sheilagh S.. "The Social Elite of the Ranch Community and Calgary." Frontier Calgary: Town, City, and Region 1875-1914. Anthony W. Rasporich and Henry C. Klassen, 57-70. Calgary: McClelland and Stewart West, (1975). Access Our Roots. http://www.ourroots.ca/toc.aspx?id=2723.
Long, Wendy. Celebrating Excellence: Canadian Women Athletes. Vancouver: Polestar, 1995.
AB: This book celebrates the many great female athletes that have thrived in Canada. The book is organized by particular sports and describes the various Canadian women athletes who have excelled in that particular sport. Several Alberta champions are spotlighted including Alberta's alpine skiers Kerrin Lee-Gartner and Karen Percy, long track speedskaters Susan Auch and Cathy Priestner , ringette's 1990 Western Canada Championship team, hockey player ASHFM inductee Judy Diduck, synchronized swimmer Cheryl Gibson, Kelly Kryczka, rower Megan Delehanty, track and field athlete Diane Jones Konihowski. There is also information on the world-acclaimed Edmonton Grads team. A final chapter on shooting sports commemorates Susan Nattrass, wrestlings Christine Nordhagen, who was the first Canadian woman to win a gold medal at a women's wrestling world championship
"What Do You Do for Fun?." Alberta: Blue Skies and Golden Opportunities. William Pasnak, 191-238. Burlington, Ontario: Windsor Publications, (1988). Access Our Future, Our Past.. http://www.ourfutureourpast.ca/loc_hist/toc.aspx?id=7523.
AB: Contained within this extensive historical overview of Alberta is a chapter that focuses on recreational opportunities offered by the Alberta landscape with vivid photographs, specifically looking at national parks (Banff, Kananaskis Country) and its related sports offerings (skiing, canoeing, fishing and hunting). As well, further in is a short introduction to the Calgary Exhibition and Stampede.
Penley, Ken and Russ Gideon. "Athlete and Business Leader." Alberta History. Vol 54, No.2. (Apr 2006) 18-20. Access Alberta History. http://www.questia.com/library/p31/alberta-history/i2515185/vol-54-no-2-spring.
AB: Presents a biography of Russell Gideon, a black athlete and businessman from Nova Scotia who grew up in Calgary, Alberta, and became one of 'Ebony' magazine's one hundred most influential black Americans in 1977. After his birth in 1904, Gideon's parents moved the family to Calgary in 1912 but died six years later, forcing the young Gideon to work odd jobs in addition to attending school. He also distinguished himself in baseball and Canadian rules football in the 1930's. After acquiring pharmacy training in Boston, Gideon joined the US Army and served during World War II. After the war, Gideon moved to Seattle, where he opened the first black-owned pharmacy in the city.
"Out To Win." Sharing the Good Times: A history of Prairie Women's Joys and Pleasures. Faye Reineberg Holt, Calgary. Detselig Enterprises: 2000,
AB: In this book that chronicles the social lives and recreational pastimes of early settler women in Alberta is a chapter which focuses on women and sport. Women in the prairies actively pursued the athletics in their communities and the type of sports which they played varied depending on their age and the level of agility demanded of the sport. During the 1920s, women's sports were more varied than ever and despite occasional criticism, successful women's hockey, baseball, and basketball teams were a source of great pride. Varsity league play opened to young women in the twentieth century and one of the earliest organized team sports for women in the West was curling, solidified by the establishment of the Alberta Ladies' Curling Association in the early 1900s. In the 1930's, Paddy Arnold earned herself considerable acclaim in golf through her affiliation with the Calgary Golf and Country Club. The Edmonton Grads became the best known women's basketball team in Canada for their prowess in the game of basketball and dominated the sport for the subsequent 25 years of the team's existence. Also Included is information on women's hockey teams, the Banff Winter Carnival, the Edmonton Rustlers and their western Canada senior women's hockey championship victory, as well as Alberta's participation in the All-American Girls' Professional Baseball League.
Thomas, Greg. "Sports and Leisure in the Nineteenth Century Fur Trade." Winter Sports in the West. Elise A. Corbet and Anthony W. Rasporich. ed, 13-25. Calgary: Historical Society of Alberta, (1990). Access Our Future, Our Past. http://www.ourfutureourpast.ca/loc_hist/toc.aspx?id=4049.
AB: Written by the Head of Historic Park Planning in the Canadian Parks Service, Greg Thomas specifically focuses on recreational activities enjoyed during the wintertime. He explores the nature of "play" activities in relation to the early fur trade society. With a brief discussion of early recreational pursuits in Britain during this same period, the author traces parallels between sports and recreation in Britain and the northwest. The essay further delves into traditional games played by the native populations, who were an integral part of the early fur trade community. Though many sports were enjoyed in that period, football seems to have been one of the original games played by fur traders. Other sports that served as recreational pastimes in the early fur trade culture included contests of strength, as well as boat races, horse racing, skating and winter hunting.
Wetherell, Donald G.. "A Season of Mixed Blessings: Winter and Leisure in Alberta Before World War II." Winter Sports in the West. Elise A. Corbet and Anthony W. Rasporich. ed, 38-51. Calgary: Historical Society of Alberta, (1990). Access Our Future, Our Past. http://www.ourfutureourpast.ca/loc_hist/toc.aspx?id=4049.
AB: In this article on the theme of winter sports and recreational pastimes prior to the World War II, historical resource consultant Dr. Donald Wetherell develops a study of play during the harsh conditions of the Alberta winter climate. Wetherell explores the significance of winter to the largely rural society on the prairies in the years before World War II. He profiles the activities available to the various social, economic and ethnic groups, for both rural and urban populations, as the changes that resulted from technological advances such as the radio and the motor car. Also discussed is the development of outdoor sports including curling, hockey and skiing, along with indoor sports of basketball, boxing and gymnastics. Other sports include unorganized activities such as tobogganing and snowshoeing.in the otherwise bleak and desolate months of winter on the prairies.