- Football and Rugby
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Football & Rugby Online Publications
"Go Esks Go!." Best Edmonton Stories. Anthony Cashman, 12-16. Edmonton: Hurtig, (1976). Access Our Future, Our Past. http://www.ourfutureourpast.ca/loc_hist/toc.aspx?id=7540.
Ab: This story is part of a series originally compiled for a 1951 radio program on CJCA entitled, "Edmonton Stories." It recounts an iconic football game in which longtime rivals, the Edmonton Eskimos and the Calgary Tigers, battle out for the provincial championship title on neutral grounds- Red Deer. The story commences with a poem or fight song and goes on to explain how the rivalry came to be and the origin of the name Eskimo, which happened to be based on an insult given from Calgary to Edmonton.
"The 1948 Grey-Cup Game." Calgary. William Bernard Fraser, 117-118. Toronto: Hold, Rinehart and Winston, (1967). Access Our Future, Our Past. http://www.ourfutureourpast.ca/loc_hist/toc.aspx?id=4376.
AB: Chronicles the 1948 Grey Cup game with a brief historical background and a recount of the events following the game. Eastern football clubs had been competing since 1907 but the western teams did not join the competition till 1921 and with little success. It was not until 1935 when Winnipeg won the cup that interest in football began to generate in the West. In 1948, the Calgary Stampeders won the Western finals and they went on to compete for the championship title against the Ottawa Roughriders. The "Stampeder Special" was the thirteen car train that rolled into Toronto for the game, consisting of a cowboy band, chuckwagons, Indians, horses and fans adorned with traditional white cowboy hats. The spectacle marked the beginning of celebrations of this nature and brought national attention to the sport as well as to Calgary and its western spirit and passion for the game.
Lamb, Patrick. "A History of rudby football in Edmonton." Thesis (M.A.). University of Alberta, (1990).
AB: This thesis set out to document the history of rugby football in Edmonton and northern Alberta from 1891-1986. From 1891 to 1914, Edmonton was still a relatively small settlement and rugby, like all sports, was in its infancy. Many of Edmonton's pioneers, most of whom came from Britain or eastern Canada, helped to introduce rugby at this time. Rugby also participated in the strong sporting rivalry that developed between Edmonton and Calgary. After several years of conflict between the two games Canadian football replaced rugby as the more popular sport before the First World War. From 1920 to 1939, rugby established itself on a regular basis. Travel opportunities were greater than before the First World War and local rugby enthusiasts began to recognize Vancouver as an important centre of competition. Rugby was revived after the Second World War by a further wave of British immigrants. Better road and air links to Edmonton Rugby Union competitions attracted an increasing number of Canadians and rugby became popular in high schools, colleges, and universities. Women also began to play. During the 1970s and 1980s the different clubs in Edmonton developed a world class rugby facility, the Ellerslie Rugby Park, and rugby became one of the most popular amateur sports in the city.
Availability: Fulltext in Proquest (Proquest Doc No. AA MM60257) (Online access limited to Alberta tertiary students, faculty and staff)
"The '48 Invasion of Toronto." Calgary Cavalcade: From Fort to Fortune. Grant McEwan, 211-214. Edmonton: Institute of Applied Art Ltd., (1958). Access Our Future, Our Past. http://www.ourfutureourpast.ca/loc_hist/toc.aspx?id=4291.
Ab: Commemorates the "Grey Cup Year" when Calgary paraded into Toronto on a 13-car train dubbed the "Stampeder Special" to support their Western championship team, the Calgary Stampeders at Varsity Stadium. This chapter provides a detailed summary of the proceedings prior to the game as well as the legendary post-victory celebrations that saw Toronto overcome with the western spirit and general pandemonium of an enthusiastic Calgary crowd. Tom Brook was the president of the famous Stampeder team who went up against the Eastern champions- the Ottawa Rough Riders.
Redmond, Gerald, Terry Jones and Ray Turchansky. Contrib. Decade of Excellence. Edmonton: Executive Sport Publications, (1980).
AB: In this generously illustrated book on the 1970s Edmonton Eskimos football team, the first essay by Gerald Redmond summarizes the origins and history of the sport in the Alberta context. Citing an instance in 1862 when a "kind" of rugby football was played at Fort Edmonton, the author credits the North West Mounted Police officers and their after hours rugby football activity for establishing the sport in Alberta. He mentions the historical rivalry between Edmonton and Calgary, the Belanger Cup and Grey Cup history and the changes in play and rules between rugby and football in the early and mid 1900s.(See PDF version of this essay below). The major part of the book is on the Edmonton Eskimos football in the 1970s with a series of essays by Jones and Turchansky on the team's successes and failures, game highlights for each season, the coaches and star players of this decade. Individual and team statistics and records conclude this work.
Availability: Chapter by Gerald Redmond, Towards the "Decade of Excellence": Origins and Brief History Prior to 1970" (In PDF format)
"Chasing the Cup." Calgary: [a Not Too Solemn Look at Calgary's first 100 Years]. Bob Shiels, 175-186. Calgary: Calgary Herald, (1974). Access Our Future, Our Past. http://www.ourfutureourpast.ca/loc_hist/toc.aspx?id=8506.
AB: As a chapter in the book on key moments in Calgary's history, it provides detailed information on the Calgary Stampeders' 1948 Grey Cup victory against Ottawa which yielded an unprecedented celebration from Calgary fans who came by train to Toronto (where the game was being held) dressed in western attire and parading around the streets in celebration. The chapter also provides insight into Calgary's early sports community including horse racing, professional baseball played at Victoria Park as early as 1907, as well as the sport of soccer, which had been encouraged by the Englishman and Scots and was played on the Athletic Grounds. Boxing became popular thanks to fighters such as Tommy Burns who was the only Canadian ever to win the world heavyweight boxing title. Calgary had banned the sport in the early 1900s so a rink had been built outside the city, in Manchester, where matches were held including the most famous fight which ended in tragedy when Arthur Pelkey landed a punch that ultimately killed heavyweight champion Luther McCarty. Also discussed in this chapter is the Calgary Golf and Country Club, the Bowness Golf Club and popular golfers of the time. Curling is discussed with mention of Ron Northcott who recorded 10 southern Alberta championship titles, six Alberta titles, and the Canadian Brier and World Championships in 1966, 1968 and 1969. Sherman Rink was home to the first hockey games in Calgary until it burned down and was then replaced by the Stampede Corral. In 1924, the Calgary Tigers hockey team challenged for the Stanley Cup as representative of the Western Canada Hockey League but were beaten by the National Hockey League team, the Montreal Canadiens. Lloyd Turner is briefly mentioned for his many contributions to Calgary's sports community one of which was as manager of the Stampeders senior hockey team who would go on to win the Allan Cup.