Alberta Sports Misc Online Publications
"The North West Mounted Police and Their Influence on Sport in Western Canada, 1873-1905." Journal of the West. Vol 22, No.1. (Jan 1983) 30-36. Access Journal of the West. http://journalofthewest.abc-clio.com.
AB: In 1873, the government of Canada established the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to maintain law and order in the newly acquired areas of the Canadian West. Their police duties left the young men enough leisure time to engage in sports, in team competition both among themselves and with teams in the communities they served. The Mounties were responsible for introducing soccer, rugby, cricket, baseball, and other popular sports to frontier settlements of the Prairie Provinces. By 1905, largely through the sporting enthusiasm of the Mounties, sports flourished in the West.
Penley, Ken. "Russ Gideon, Athlete and Business Leader." Alberta History. Vol 54, No.2. (Apr 2006) 18-20. Access CPI.Q. http://twu.ca/library/cpiq.htm.
AB: Presents a biography of Russell Gideon, a black athlete and businessman from Nova Scotia who grew up in Calgary, Alberta, and became one of 'Ebony' magazine's one hundred most influential black Americans in 1977. After his birth in 1904, Gideon's parents moved the family to Calgary in 1912 but died six years later, forcing the young Gideon to work odd jobs in addition to attending school. He distinguished himself in baseball as a member of the 1923 Victoria Athletic Club baseball team, and became captain-manager of the Calgary Dodgers baseball club in 1930. In 1928 he joined the Calgary Tigers becoming known as one of the greatest tackles in western football history. After acquiring pharmacy training in Boston, Gideon joined the US Army and served during World War II. After the war, Gideon moved to Seattle. Based on newspapers and secondary sources;
Jamieson, Sheilagh S.. "The Social Elite of the Ranch Community and Calgary." Frontier Calgary: Town, City, and Region 1875-1914. Anthony W. Rasporich and Henry C. Klassen, 57-70. Calgary: McClelland and Stewart West, (1975). Access Our Roots. http://www.ourroots.ca/toc.aspx?id=2723.
"What Do You Do for Fun?." Alberta: Blue Skies and Golden Opportunities. William Pasnak, 191-238. Burlington, Ontario: Windsor Publications, (1988). Access Our Future, Our Past.. http://www.ourfutureourpast.ca/loc_hist/toc.aspx?id=7523.
AB: Contained within this extensive historical overview of Alberta is a chapter that focuses on recreational opportunities offered by the Alberta landscape with vivid photographs, specifically looking at national parks (Banff, Kananaskis Country) and its related sports offerings (skiing, canoeing, fishing and hunting). As well, further in is a short introduction to the Calgary Exhibition and Stampede.
Penley, Ken and Russ Gideon. "Athlete and Business Leader." Alberta History. Vol 54, No.2. (Apr 2006) 18-20. Access Alberta History. http://www.questia.com/library/p31/alberta-history/i2515185/vol-54-no-2-spring.
AB: Presents a biography of Russell Gideon, a black athlete and businessman from Nova Scotia who grew up in Calgary, Alberta, and became one of 'Ebony' magazine's one hundred most influential black Americans in 1977. After his birth in 1904, Gideon's parents moved the family to Calgary in 1912 but died six years later, forcing the young Gideon to work odd jobs in addition to attending school. He also distinguished himself in baseball and Canadian rules football in the 1930's. After acquiring pharmacy training in Boston, Gideon joined the US Army and served during World War II. After the war, Gideon moved to Seattle, where he opened the first black-owned pharmacy in the city.
Thomas, Greg. "Sports and Leisure in the Nineteenth Century Fur Trade." Winter Sports in the West. Elise A. Corbet and Anthony W. Rasporich. ed, 13-25. Calgary: Historical Society of Alberta, (1990). Access Our Future, Our Past. http://www.ourfutureourpast.ca/loc_hist/toc.aspx?id=4049.
AB: Written by the Head of Historic Park Planning in the Canadian Parks Service, Greg Thomas specifically focuses on recreational activities enjoyed during the wintertime. He explores the nature of "play" activities in relation to the early fur trade society. With a brief discussion of early recreational pursuits in Britain during this same period, the author traces parallels between sports and recreation in Britain and the northwest. The essay further delves into traditional games played by the native populations, who were an integral part of the early fur trade community. Though many sports were enjoyed in that period, football seems to have been one of the original games played by fur traders. Other sports that served as recreational pastimes in the early fur trade culture included contests of strength, as well as boat races, horse racing, skating and winter hunting.
Wetherell, Donald G.. "A Season of Mixed Blessings: Winter and Leisure in Alberta Before World War II." Winter Sports in the West. Elise A. Corbet and Anthony W. Rasporich. ed, 38-51. Calgary: Historical Society of Alberta, (1990). Access Our Future, Our Past. http://www.ourfutureourpast.ca/loc_hist/toc.aspx?id=4049.
AB: In this article on the theme of winter sports and recreational pastimes prior to the World War II, historical resource consultant Dr. Donald Wetherell develops a study of play during the harsh conditions of the Alberta winter climate. Wetherell explores the significance of winter to the largely rural society on the prairies in the years before World War II. He profiles the activities available to the various social, economic and ethnic groups, for both rural and urban populations, as the changes that resulted from technological advances such as the radio and the motor car. Also discussed is the development of outdoor sports including curling, hockey and skiing, along with indoor sports of basketball, boxing and gymnastics. Other sports include unorganized activities such as tobogganing and snowshoeing.in the otherwise bleak and desolate months of winter on the prairies.