- Aboriginal/Native Games and Sports
- Bibliography Abstracts
Aboriginal/Native Games & Sports Bibliography Abstracts
Mikkelsen, Glen. "Games Indians Played." Alberta History. Vol 41, No. 3. (Summer 1993) 2-7.
AB: The Plains Indians of southern Alberta and Saskatchewan relied on gambling and games for fun and escape from daily routine. Particularly with the youngsters, games provided fun and education, as well as prepared them for adult life. Popular games among the children were tobogganing, a game called "hunting the buffalo," and tag. Favorites specifically among boys were wrestling, the kicking game, and the fire game. As for the girls, they enjoyed games like baby care and playing house, as well as hobbyhorse. For the adults, their recreational activities were much more organized. Among the males, wrestling was a popular pastime where warrior societies would compete against each other either individually or on horseback. Gambling was another prevalent activity where often a man would return home with barely anything on. For women, their games involved both mental and physical activity. Cree women played the 'testicle game' which was similar to the Blackfoot's shinny game, both resembling the sport of hockey. The author goes into further detail on variations of games based on tribe, as well as includes photographs
Pakes, Fraser. ""Skill to Do Comes of Doing", Purpose in Traditional Indian Winter Games and Pastimes." Winter Sports in the West. Elise A. Corbet and Anthony W. Rasporich. eds, 26-37. Calgary: Historical Society of Alberta, (1990). Access Our Future, Our Past. http://www.ourfutureourpast.ca/loc_hist/toc.aspx?id=4049.
AB This paper by anthropologist and former ethnologist with the Nakoda Institute at Morley, Alberta, Fraser Pakes, examines the native peoples’ winter activities and recreational pursuits with the underlying intention of revealing its importance in establishing in the youth the necessary skills and attributes required for the rigors and responsibilities of adulthood. With a concentration on winter activities, Pakes commences his discussion by first relaying the reality of the harsh winter prairie climate that existed for the natives. Following this introduction, he goes on to describe the many games the children would play, the equipment that were used and the relationship they bore to future activities. At a time when warfare between tribes was common, many of the children’s games bore a direct relationship to the attitudes and skills necessary for success in future battle.
Robidoux, Michael A.. "Narratives of Race Relations in Southern Alberta: An Examination of Conflicting Sporting Practices." Sociology of Sport Journal. Vol 21, No. 3. (Sept 2004) 287-301.
AB: In Mar 2001 a minor hockey league in southern Alberta (Foothills Hockey) voted in favor of banning a local First Nations Hockey Assoc (Kainai Minor Hockey) from league play as a result of various violations committed by officials, players, and parents over the course of the season. Since that time hockey recreation officials from Kainai have been attempting to get Kauai Minor Hockey reinstated into the league but have, up until this point, been unsuccessful. This article explores the exclusionary practices that led to the removal of Kainai from organized youth hockey, and examines the “racialized” discourse that permeates First Nations-Euro-Canadian relations in southern Alberta.